From the establishment of the Greek state to date
Celebrating 200 years since the Greek Revolution, the Historical Archives of Alpha Bank and the Bank of Greece joined forces in a scientific meeting on 200 Years of Greek Economy: Between State and Market.
The meeting took place in Nafplio, Greece, on 2-4 December 2021, and was convened under the patronage of H.E. the President of the Hellenic Republic Ms Katerina Sakellaropoulou
The relationship between Greek economy, state and market
Distinguished speakers presented an overview of the progress of the Greek economy from the establishment of the Greek state to date. Their talks focused on the development of the relationship between the Greek economy, state and market, focusing on issues such as:
- The transformation of Greece from a poor rural country to a developed urban state and the role of the political system.
- The contribution and progress of individual economic sectors, networks and institutions.
- The country's foreign relations.
The meeting at a glance
35 distinguished speakers presented
aspects of the economy, from the establishment of the Greek state to date.
35 distinguished views about the past and future of the Greek economy
George Alogoskoufis is Professor of Economics at the Athens University of Economics and Business since 1990. As of 2020 he has been the Head of the Department of Economics at the same university.
He is also a Research Associate of the Hellenic Observatory at the London School of Economics and a Fellow of the European Economic Association.
He served as Minister of Economy and Finance of the Hellenic Republic and Greece’s representative at the Eurogroup and the ECOFIN Council (2004-2009), while he was an elected Member of the Hellenic Parliament for the period 1996-2009. During 1992-1993, he was Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, Ministry of National Economy, Greece.
In the past he has served as:
- Professor, Fletcher School, Tufts University, USA (2016-2019).
- Associate and Assistant Professor, Birkbeck College, University of London (1984-1992).
- Research Fellow, Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London (1985-1999).
- Research Fellow, Centre for Labour Economics, London School of Economics (1981-1982).
His teaching, research and authoring interests focus on macroeconomics, international economics and EU economics. He is an expert in inflation and unemployment analysis, monetary and exchange rate regimes, economic growth and fluctuations, and monetary and fiscal policy.
He has published 7 books and over 40 papers in leading international scientific journals. His book Dynamic Macroeconomics, MIT Press, 2019 is an advanced graduate textbook in macroeconomics. In 2002 the Academy of Athens awarded him for his book The Drachma: From the Phoenix to the Euro, co-authored with Sophia Lazaretou.
In 2021, he published 2 books of historical content:
- Before and After the Euro: The Cycles of the Post-Junta Era and the Greek Economy, Gutenberg, April 2021.
- Historical Cycles of the Greek Economy: From 1821 to Date, Gutenberg, October 2021.
Tassos Anastassiadis is Associate Professor of History at McGill University and holds the Papachristidis Chair in Modern Greek and Greek-Canadian Studies.
His primary interests lie with the interaction between human mobilities and institutional inertia in Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean during the long 19th century.
Some of the subjects he studies include religious and educational actors, archaeologists who participate in the Grand Tour and technocrats who serve in Greece. State and religious institutions comprise the focus of his study of institutional inertia, whether this stasis be conscious or unconscious, real or perceived.
Having studied in the US (BA, MA) and France (DEA, PhD, agrégation d’histoire), and worked in France (Paris - VII, EPHE, Sciences-Po), Greece (Ecole française d’Athènes) and Canada (McGill University), he is sensitive to questions of mobility and nomadism, both as research subjects and as the effects of globalisation on the educational system.
He is also piloting a research programme on the civil and global history of the Army of the Orient at the École française d’Athènes.
His latest book on Orthodox Reform is the first comprehensive sociohistorical account of the century-long process of the conservative renovation of the Greek orthodoxy church. Meaning the process that saw the passage to a modern religion, religious innovation and social activism come to rhyme with intolerance on both the religious and political fields.
Nikos Vettas is the General Director of the Foundation for Economic and Industrial Research (IOBE) since 2013. He is also Professor of Economics at the Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB) since 2003, where he has also served as Chairman of the Economics Department and member of the University Council.
He holds a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, USA, and has been an Associate Professor at Duke University and a visiting Professor at INSEAD in France and Singapore.
He also serves as Associate Editor of the International Journal of Industrial Organization, a member of the Executive Committee of the European Association for Research in Industrial Economics, and a Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London.
In the past he has served as:
- Associate Editor of the Journal of the European Economic Association and the Journal of Industrial Economics.
- A full member of the Hellenic Competition Commission.
- A member of the Economic Advisory Group for Competition Policy at the European Commission.
- Vice Chairman of the Growth Plan Committee of the Hellenic Republic for the Greek Economy (2020).
His publications are included in leading journals, such as the International Economic Review, European Economic Review, Rand Journal of Economics and the Review of Economic Studies. He is a co-editor of Beyond Austerity: Reforming the Greek Economy (MIT Press, 2017).
Since 2002 he is a co-organiser of the annual Conference for Research on Economic Theory and Econometrics.
Alexandra Vovolini is the Director of Kerkyra Publications and Economia Publishing.
In 1975 she started working for the monthly finance magazine Viomichaniki Epitheorisis (Industrial Review), as editor and management assistant, which in 1990 she took over as Director. Kerkyra Publications and Economia Publishing was established in 1996, as the continuation of Viomichaniki Epitheorisis. Currently they publish the Oikonomiki Epitheorisi (Financial Review) and the Greek Business File in English, as well as books on economics and business history.
She is a member of the Executive Committee of European Business Press. A large part of the archive of the Vovolini journalism family has been donated to Gennadius Library and the Historical Archives of the Bank of Greece.
She was born in Athens. She studied Law at the University of Athens and University College London.
Kostas Giannakidis is a journalist.
He writes for the newspaper Ta Nea and for protagon.gr. He hosts a daily show on Best 92.6 radio, while he also makes podcasts for pod.gr.
Tasos Giannitsis is Professor Emeritus of Economics at the University of Athens and Chairman of the Board at Lamda Development.
He has served as Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Alternate Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Interior.
He has also served as economic advisor to the Prime Minister (1994-2000) and Chairman of the Board at Hellenic Petroleum (2009-2011).
He has published many books and articles on economic and social issues, with the most recent being:
- Social Insurance, Growth, Macroeconomics. The Interconnections, 2020
- Inequalities, Poverty, Economic Reversals , 2016 (with S. Zografaki)
- The State and Economic Development (1955-2018), collective volume, Oxford University Press, 2020
- Reflections on Banking Union in L. Papademos (ed), Monetary Policy, Banking Union and Economic Growth, 2017
- Industrial Policy in Times of Crisis: The Case of Greece (with I. Kastelli)
He studied Law and Economics-Political Sciences at the University of Athens (1962-1969). He obtained a PhD in Economics from the Open University of Berlin (1974).
Danai Diakoulaki is Professor Emeritus at the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA).
She initially worked at the chemical industry and the public sector, while in 1988 she was admitted to the School of Chemical Engineers of the NTUA as a member of the teaching and research staff (DEP). She taught Operational Research, Economic Analysis, Project Management, and Energy and Environmental Economics at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
She served as Director of the Industrial and Energy Economy Laboratory at the School of Chemical Engineering (2007-2015), President and Board Member of the NTUA Faculty Member Association (2007-2011) and Board Member of the NTUA Foundation (2013-2016).
In her capacity as scientific advisor or coordinator, she has participated in a number of competitive national and European programmes in the areas of analysis, programming, and management of energy and environmental projects and systems.
She has participated in the following:
- Board of Directors, Hellenic Operational Research Society (1997-2001).
- Expert Panel, European Environment Agency (1999-2003).
- Board of Directors, National Centre for the Environment and Sustainable Development (2001-2004).
- Board of Directors, PPC Renewables SA (2010-2013).
She has authored numerous articles (over 130), published in leading international journals, collective volumes and international convention proceedings, with international recognition.
Nikiforos Diamantouros is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Athens. He is also a Visiting Professor at the College of Europe (Bruges) since 2012.
He served as the Ombudsman of the European Union for a decade (2003 to 2013). He was appointed to this post 3 times (2003, 2005, 2010) by the European Parliament. From 1998 to 2003 he served as the first National Ombudsman of Greece.
In 2014 he was elected member of the Academy of Athens and in 2016 he was appointed member of the Advisory Committee to the New Pact for Europe, chaired by Herman van Rompuy.
He served as Director and Board Chairman of the Greek National Center for Social Research (EKKE) from 1995 to 1998, as well as Chairman of the Hellenic Political Science Association (1992-1998).
He has been decorated with the:
- Grand Commander of the Order of the Phoenix, Hellenic Republic 2004.
- Golden Cross of Merit, Republic of Poland 2010.
- Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur, Republic of France 2014.
His rich authoring work mainly focuses on the politics and history of Greece, as well as South and Southeast Europe in the 19th and 20th century. Specifically, it deals with regime changes, the process of democratisation, the relationship between public administration and the quality of democracy, the institution of the European ombudsman, the formation of nation states, and the relationship between culture and politics.
Dimitris Doulgeridis is editor-in-chief of the cultural section at Ta Nea newspaper and of the insert distributed with the book Vivliodromio. He also participates in the editorial committee of the monthly review The Books’ Journal.
His book Second Reading (Polis Books, 2012) contains interviews with René Girard, Harold Bloom, George Steiner, Ian Kershaw, Richard Sennett, Olivier Roy, Judith Herrin, Claudio Magris and Dimitris Maronitis. He has also authored the forward of the book Rene Girard (Plithos publishers, 2021).
He was born in Thessaloniki in 1978. He studied at the School of Journalism and Mass Communications, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (1995-199), while he has completed the International and European Studies postgraduate programme at the University of Athens (2001-2002).
Kostas Kallitsis is a journalist.
He is part of the editorial team of the daily KReport newsletter and also writes for Kathimerini newspaper. Over the last years he has been working as an independent strategy and communications consultant.
He was born in Athens in 1954 and studied Economics at the Department of Economics, University of Athens.
Yannis Caloghirou is Professor of Economics of Technology and Industrial Strategy, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA).
He is the co-founder and former Director of the Laboratory of Industrial and Energy Economics, NTUA. In 2010 he founded the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Unit at the NTUA, which he headed until 2020. He is a member of the Scientific Council of the startup incubator EPI.noo, ICCS-NTUA.
He has been a visiting scholar at the George Washington University and the University of Sussex, and a visiting professor at the University of Campinas, Brazil.
He served as Chairman of the Scientific Council at the National Documentation Centre (2010-2013). He also served as Secretary General for Industry, and Secretary for the Information Society (2000-2004).
He has participated in and coordinated numerous European and national research projects. He has long experience in shaping, planning and implementing policies and strategies in industries, technology, research innovation and knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship.
In 2006 he established the annual Seminar on Information Society and Knowledge Economics in Ermoupolis, Syros. He also organised the 15th International Globelics Conference on Innovation and Development (Athens, 2017).
His research activity focuses on:
- the study and strategy for industrial growth and technological change
- the economic analysis and investigation of socio-economic and growth effects of industries, technology and innovation.
He has published papers in leading international scientific journals, and was co-editor in 3 scientific books by international publishers.
He is a member of the European Association of Evolutionary Political Economy, the DRUID Society, the DIME and Globelics research networks, and the Greek Economic History Association.
Pantelis Kammas is an Assistant Professor at the Department of International and European Economic Studies, Athens University of Economics and Business.
He has served as Assistant Professor and Lecturer at the Department of Economics, University of Ioannina, and visiting Lecturer at the Department of Economics, University of Cyprus.
His research interests include Political Economics, Fiscal Policy, International Macroeconomics and Comparative Politics.
He has published numerous articles in leading scientific journals and is also a referee in a series of journals.
He studied Economics at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and holds an MSc in International Economics from the Athens University of Economics and Business. In 2006 he was awarded a PhD in Economics from the Athens University of Economics and Business.
Andreas Kakridis is Assistant Professor of Economic History at the History Department, Ionian University.
Moreover, since 2017 he has been the Scientific Advisor to the Historical Archives of the Bank of Greece.
He has taught as a special scientist at the Department of Economics, University of Athens, and the Department of Political Science and History, Panteion University. During 2014-2015, he was a visiting Fellow at the University of Columbia, New York.
His main research fields are Greek economic history and the history of economic thought, particularly monetary and development economics.
He studied Economics at Balliol College, Oxford, and at the Athens University for Economics and Business. His academic interests then drove him towards economic history and the history of economic thought. In 2009 he defended his doctoral thesis at Panteion University on economic thought and the discourse on economic development in post-war Greece.
Elias Kolovos is Associate Professor of Ottoman History at the Department of History and Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Crete. He is also the Director of the MA in Ottoman History Programme of the same Department.
He has taught at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, and Boğaziçi University, Istanbul. He was also a visiting Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Princeton University.
He works on research projects at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, and the Ecole Française d’ Athènes. He also participates in the Islamic Legacy of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology.
He is a member in the following bodies:
- International Association for Ottoman Social and Economic History, elected Board Member.
- Greek Economic History Association, elected Board Member.
- Society of Cretan Historical Studies, Corresponding Member.
- Ta Istorika journal, Scientific Committee Member.
He has written, edited and co-edited 13 books and over 60 papers in Greek and international publications and journals.
His research interests include the Mediterranean economic history, the history of the insular worlds, the history of the frontiers, rural and environmental history, as well as the spatial history and legacies of the Ottoman Empire.
Kostas Kostis is Professor of Economics and Social History at the Department of Economics, University of Athens since 2004. He is also a management consultant at Alpha Bank since 1999.
From 2006 to 2009 he occupied the Chair of Modern and Contemporary Greek Studies at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
His publications include:
- The Wealth of Greece. The Greek Economy in the 20th and 21st Century, Athens 2019.
- State and Business in Greece. The History of Greek Aluminium, Athens 2013.
- History's Spoiled Children: The Formation of the Modern Greek State, 18th-21st century, Athens 2013 (English edition of the book, London-New York 2018).
- The History of the National Bank of Greece (1914-1940), Athens 2003.
- In the Time of the Plague. Images from the Societies of the Greek Peninsula, 14th-19th Century, Heraklion 1995.
He studied at the Department of Economics, University of Athens. He went on to study Economic History at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, where he defended his doctoral thesis in 1985.
In 1990 he received the Nikos Svoronos prize for young historians from the Foundation for Research and Technology, University of Crete.
Byron Kotzamanis is a demographer, Docteur es Lettres et Sciences Humaines (Univ. Paris X, France).
He is an associate/invited researcher at the National Institute of Demographic Studies in France and Principal Investigator of the research project Demographic Imperatives in Research and Practices in Greece (University of Thessaly SARF), funded by the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (HFRI).
In the past he has served as:
- Professor of Demography, Polytechnic School, University of Thessaly – Department of Planning and Regional Development (PRD) (2009-2019)
- Researcher, National Centre of Social Research
- Director of the Postgraduate Studies Programme, PRD (2001-2004)
- Director, Joint French-Greek Master Programme on “Population-Development-Foresight” (2007-2016)
- Director, Laboratory of Demographic and Social Analyses (LDSA), University of Thessaly (1998-2019)
- EU Expert in the context of technical assistance (PHARE and CARDS programmes) for the restructuring of the Statistical Institutes in the Balkan countries.
- President and Honorary President of the International Association of French Speaking Demographers (AIDELF)
- President of the international Demobalk Association
He has organised several national and international conferences in Greece. He is the editor of the series Discussion Papers and Demographic News of the LDSA and the series Balkan Demographic Papers of the Demobalk Association.
He has authored and edited books on the demographic developments in Greece and the Balkans, and has participated in papers, articles and texts in collective volumes, on topics such as population reproduction, migration and demographic policy.
He has been the principal investigator in research projects funded by national and international bodies. His research interests focus on:
- Demographic developments in Greece and the Balkans
- Impact of the economic crisis on demographic components, demographic projections and demographic policies
- Spatial dimensions of demographic components, migration and refugee influx in Greece.
Franciscos Koutentakis is a Lecturer at the Department of Economics, University of Crete since 2012.
As of 2018 he is the Head of the Parliamentary Budget Office. He has also served as General Secretary of Fiscal Policy at the General Accounting Office of Greece (2015-2018).
He studied Economics, Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, at the University of Athens, the University of Warwick (UK), Sciences-Po (France) and Panteion University.
His research papers focus on Labour Economics and Public Finance.
Alexandros-Andreas Kyrtsis is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Athens.
He was visiting scholar at MIT, LSE, the University of Edinburgh, the Institute for Advanced Studies on Science, Technology and Society in Graz, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.
His research interests include economic sociology and economic history, sociology of organisations and technology, the social history of ideas, political sociology, and social theory of urban and geographical space.
He has made numerous publications, some of which include:
- Sociological Thought and Ideologies of Modernization in Interwar Greece, Nisos Publications, Athens, 1996.
- Constantinos A. Doxiadis: Texts, Design Drawings, Settlements, Ikaros, Athens, 2006 (ed.).
- Technological Design and the Social Organisation of the Digital Enterprise, Metaixmio, Athens.
- Technology and Organisation in the National Bank of Greece 1950-2000. Athens: Publications of the Historical Archive of the National Bank of Greece, 2008.
- Financial Markets and Organisational Technologies: System Architectures, Practices and Risks in the Era of Deregulation, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2010 (ed.).
- The Routledge Handbook of European Sociology, Routledge, London and New York, 2014 (eds. with S. Koniordos).
- “The Rise and Decline of Treaty Reinsurance: Changing Roles of Reinsurers as Financial Service Providers”, in N.-V. Haueter & G. Jones (eds.) Managing Risk in Reinsurance: From City Fires to Global Warming, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2017 (pp. 144-181).
- From lobbyists to backstage diplomats. How insurers in the field of third party liability shaped nuclear diplomacy, History and Technology, 37(1), 25-43, 2021 (with M. Rentetzi).
Helen Louri is a Professor at the Department of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business. For the period 2015-2020 she also served as Head of the same Department. She is also a Member of the Appeal Panel of the Single Resolution Board, Brussels.
She has worked as a visiting Fellow at Oxford University and the LSE, where she remains as Research Associate.
In the past she has served as:
- Deputy Governor, Bank of Greece, responsible for monetary policy, bank resolution, statistics, the national mint and cash management (2008-2014).
- President, Hellenic Deposit and Investment Guarantee Fund.
- Member of the International Relations Committee, European Central Bank.
Her research interests focus on applied microeconomics, industrial organisation, firm dynamics, direct foreign investment, finance and banking.
She has published extensively in international scientific journals, such as Oxford Economic Papers, Journal of Industrial Economics, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, Review of Industrial Organization, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, International Journal of Production Economics, Urban Studies, Regional Studies, Finance Research Letters, Review of Financial Economics, Bulletin of Economic Research, International Review of Financial Analysis, and International Journal of Finance and Economics. She has also acted as referee for many of them.
She studied Economics at the Athens University of Economics and Business, (BSc Econ), London School of Economics (MSc Econ) and University of Oxford (DPhil Econ).
Antigone Lyberaki is Professor of Economics at Panteion University in Athens and the General Manager of SolidarityNow, an NGO involved in the social integration of refugees.
She is also the team leader for Greece for the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).
She was a visiting Professor in New York (CUNY), Paris (EHESS) and the UK (LSE and IDS). She served twice in the Greek Parliament, as Parliamentary Representative for To Potami and an MP for Athens B constituency (2015 and 2019).
She is a member of the Scientific Analysis and Advise on Gender Equality (SAAGE) network in the EU and an expert on gender and labour market issues. She has submitted numerous reports to the European Parliament and the European Commission on gender and economic adjustment issues, as well as several Annual Equality Reports.
Her scientific interests cover various fields, such as globalisation and small businesses, migration, gender and ageing. The common denominator for all these is the transformation of productive and social relations.
She has published many books and articles in Greece and abroad. She has a PhD in Economics and an MPhil in Development Studies from Sussex University, Institute of Development Studies.
Elias Maglinis is Editor-in-Chief for the cultural insert Technes kai Grammata (Arts and Letters) distributed with the Sunday Kathmerini newspaper.
He was born in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 1970. He grew up in Glyfada, Greece. He studied Political Science, English Literature and Media Theory in England and Scotland.
He has published 4 books, including:
- The Interrogation, novel. It has been translated into English and Serbian. It has also been turned into a film.
- Morning Dawn, novel. It received best novel prizes from the Academy of Athens and the magazines Anagnostis and Klepsydra.
- I am what I have forgotten. A true story, chronicle novel. It received the State Literature Prize and the Booksellers Prize from Public book store.
Manos Matsaganis is a Professor at the Polytechnic University of Milan.
He has worked at the London School of Economics (1990-1993), the Prime Minister’s office (1997-2001), the University of Crete (1996-1999 and 2001-2004), the University of Thessaly (1999-2001), and the Athens University of Economics and Business (2004-2016), where he founded and directed the Policy Analysis Research Unit.
He has served as an advisor to international organisations, such as the European Commission, the OECD, UNICEF and the World Bank. He was a member of the Expert Group reporting to European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion László Andor (2012-2014).
He has been a Fulbright Scholar at Harvard University (2014) and the University of California, Berkeley (2015), a visiting Scholar at Boston University (2017, 2018), and a visiting Professor at the University of Vienna (2019).
He has published papers on various topics: the social state in Southern Europe, European social policy, political economy of pensions and social protection, the role of labour unions, health economy, taxation and tax evasion, youth unemployment, the impact of minimum wage, and the effects of the eurozone crisis.
He was born in Germany (1963) and studied at the Athens University of Economics and Business. He was awarded the State Scholarships Foundation (IKY) scholarship and continued his studies in the UK, at the University of York (MSc) and the University of Bristol (PhD).
Michalis Mitsos is a journalist.
He started off his career as a journalist at Avgi newspaper and continued at the Athens News Agency, while he has been working at Ta Nea newspaper since 1988.
He has written the book The Stories Will Save Us, and has translated 7 books published by Polis Books.
He was born in Athens in 1959 and graduated from the National Technical University of Athens in 1981. He then completed his postgraduate studies in Swansea, Wales.
Panagiotis Panagakis is the Director of the Centre for Culture, Research and Documentation of the Bank of Greece since 2013. He has been working at the Bank of Greece since 1997.
He was born in Athens in 1966 and studied Architecture at the National Technical University of Athens. He continued with postgraduate studies on restoration of architectural monuments at the University of Edinburgh (1993).
George Pagoulatos is Professor of European Politics and Economy at the Athens University of Economics and Business, and a visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges.
He is the Director General of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) since 2019, where he served as Vice Chairman and Board Member since 2013. He is also a non-salaried advisor on European matters to the President of the Hellenic Republic since 2020.
He has served as:
- Governing Board Member, European Policy Centre (EPC), Brussels (2015-2020).
- Member of the High Council, European University Institute (EUI), Florence (2010-2013).
- President, Hellenic University Association for European Studies (ECSA-Greece).
- Board Member in various associations and civil society bodies.
- Director of strategy and advisor to 2 prime ministers (2011-2012).
He has authored or co-authored 6 books. His monograph Greece’s New Political Economy: State, Finance and Growth from Postwar to EMU (Oxford St. Antony’s Series, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003) was awarded by the Academy of Athens.
He has published numerous articles in leading scientific journals. He is a regular columnist in the Sunday edition of Greek newspaper Kathimerini since 2007.
He holds a Law degree from the University of Athens. He also holds an MSc and a DPhil in Politics from the University of Oxford (1997), where he was a Rhodes scholar. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Princeton University, USA (1998-1999) on Comparative Economic Policy.
Şevket Pamuk is Professor of Economics and Economic History at Bogaziçi (Bosphorus) University in Istanbul.
In addition to other universities in Turkey, he has also taught at universities in the USA: Pennsylvania, Villanova, Princeton, Michigan at Ann Arbor and Northwestern. From 2008 to 2013 he was Professor and Chair of Contemporary Turkish Studies at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Pamuk is a leading economic historian and the author of many books and articles on Ottoman, Middle East and European economic history. His books include:
- The Ottoman Empire and European Capitalism, 1820-1913, Cambridge, 1987.
- A History of the Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century, I.B. Tauris and Harvard (με τον Roger Owen).
- A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, 2000.
- Uneven Centuries: Economic History of Turkey since 1820, Princeton, 2018, which won the Book Prize in Middle Eastern Studies of the British-Kuwait Friendship Society (UK, 2019).
In the past he has served as:
- President, European Historical Economics Society (2003-2005).
- President, Asian Historical Economics Society (2012-2014).
- Editor of the European Economic History Review (2011-2014).
- Corresponding fellow of the British Academy.
- Member of Academia Europea and Science Academy, Istanbul.
He graduated from Yale University (1972) and obtained his PhD in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley (1978).
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Antonis Papagiannidis is a journalist and the Managing Editor of the Economia Group (Oikonomiki Epitheorisi / economia.gr).
He studied Law and Economics in Athens and Strasbourg, specialising in European Law and Medieval History. He has dealt professionally with business law and European Law matters.
He has served as:
- Advisor on European Affairs at the Ministries of National Economy, Foreign Affairs and Culture.
- Advisor on European Affairs for the Athens Daily Newspaper Publishers Association.
- Co-writer of the Interpretation of the EEC Treaty.
- Journalist at To Vima and Oikonomikos Tachydromos, while he has written in legal journals.
- Publisher of the short-lived weekly review of critical analysis Samizdat.
- Contributor to the newspapers Sunday Eleftherotypia and Imerisia, and Managing Director of Eleftheros Typos.
- Communication consultant at the Bank of Greece (1999).
He is a member of the Editorial Committee of the European Politeia. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Hellenic Center of European Studies and Research (EKEME), and formerly of EKEM and the Cultural Olympiad Forum.
He is the co-owner of Polis Books and Metamesonykties Ekdoseis.
Katerina Papakonstantinou holds a PhD from the University of Athens on 18th century diaspora.
She has taught History at the University of Piraeus, Ionian University and Hellenic Open University.
She has participated in the following research projects at the Ionian University:
- Greek maritime history, 1700-1821
- The developing of the Azov port-cities and the Greeks in the 19th century
- The Black Sea and its port-cities from the 18th to the 20th century
She has edited several volumes:
- Greek Shipping, 1700-1821: The Heyday before the Greek Revolution, Kedros Publishers, 2013 – co-editor
- New Perspectives in Theory and Empirical Research. Proceedings of the International Conference of Economic and Social History, Rethymno 10-13 December 2008, Publications of the School of Philosophy of the University of Crete – Alexandria, 2012 – co-editor
- Voyages in the Mediterranean and across the Oceans. Ship Posters, 19th and 20th Centuries, Melissa Publications, 2011 – co-editor
- Wife, Mother, Daughter. The Contribution of Women to the Greek Shipping Family, Gratia Publications, 2018 – historical editor
She has also authored the volume 175 Years of Greek Post. Hellenic Post, Kerkyra Publications, 2003.
Vasileios Rapanos is Professor Emeritus at the Faculty of Economics, University of Athens, and has been an Ordinary Member of the Academy of Athens since 2016. He has been the Chair of the Board of Directors of Alpha Bank since May 2014.
In the past he has served as:
- Deputy Governor and Governor, Mortgage Bank (1995-1998).
- Chairman of the Board of Directors, Hellenic Telecommunications Organization (1998-2000).
- Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, Ministry of Economy and Finance (2000-2004).
- Chairman of the Board of Directors, National Bank of Greece and Hellenic Bank Association (2009-2012).
He was born on the island of Kos in 1947. He studied Business Administration at the Athens School of Economics and Business (1975) and holds a Master’s in Economics from Lakehead University, Canada (1977) and a PhD from Queen’s University, Canada.
Sotiris Rizas was born in Athens in 1964. He is the Director of Research at the Research Centre for the Study of Modern Greek History, Academy of Athens.
He has written many books, including:
- The Rise of the Left in Southern Europe. Anglo-American Responses (2012)
- The End of Middle Class Politics? (2018)
- Realism and Human Rights in US Policy toward Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus (2018)
- Konstantinos Karamanlis. Greece from the Civil War to the Post-Junta Era (2018)
- The End of the Great Idea. Venizelos, Antivenizelism and Asia Minor (2015)
- Greek Politics after the Civil War: Parliamentarianism and Dictatorship (2008)
Calliope Spanou is Professor of Administrative Science (Public Administration) at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Athens.
She was appointed Greek Ombudsman (2011-2015) and has served as Deputy Ombudsman (2003-2011).
She has worked with:
- the OECD as an expert regarding public administration reform in various countries,
- various research centres, as an invited researcher or fellow, including the Fondation de la Maison des Science des l’Homme – CEVIPOF, Paris, the Robert Schuman Centre and the European University Institute, Florence.
Her publications include books, articles and chapters in Greek, English and French. Her most recent book is Which Reforms? Governing under External Pressure, Patakis Publishers, 2021. She is also the editor of the collective volume Crisis, Reform and the Way forward in Greece – A Turbulent Decade, Routledge, 2022.
She studied Public Law and Political Science in Greece (University of Athens) and Political Science in France (Université de Picardie, Amiens), where she holds a Doctorat d’Etat en Science Politique – Science Administrative.
Yannis Stournaras is the Governor of the Bank of Greece since 2014. In the same year he became a Member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. He is Professor of Economics at the University of Athens since 1989 and Chairman of the Audit Committee of the European Central Bank since February 2020.
In the past he has served as:
- Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, Ministry of Economy and Finance (1994-2000).
- Chairman and CEO at Emporiki Bank (2000-2004).
- Director General of the Foundation for Economic and Industrial Research (IOBE) (September 2009-June 2012).
- Minister of Finance (July 2012-June 2014).
He was born in Athens on 10 December 1956. He graduated from the Department of Economics, University of Athens in 1978. He obtained his post-graduate degrees (MPhil 1980, DPhil 1982) from Oxford University, where he also worked from 1981 to 1985 as a Research Fellow. He has also worked as Lecturer at St. Catherine’s College and as Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies.
Panos Tsakloglou is the Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, in charge of Social Insurance.
He is a Professor at the Department of International and European Economic Studies, Athens University of Economics and Business, and a Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA, Bonn) and the Hellenic Observatory (LSE, London).
He has also served as:
- Chairman (2012-2014) and Member (2002-2004 and 2009-2012) of the Council of Economic Advisors.
- Advisor to Prime Ministers G. Papandreou (2010-2011) and L. Papademos (2011-2012) on employment and social policy.
- Member of the EU Economic and Financial Committee (EFC) and the Eurogroup Working Group (EWG).
- Alternate Member of Ecofin and Eurogroup (2012-2014).
- Member of the EU Economic Policy Committee (EPC) (2010-2011).
- Member of the National Council for Research and Technology (2002-2005).
- Member of the Council of Advisors on Employment and Social Policy (2001-2002).
- Member of the Independent Authority for the Evaluation of Tertiary Education (2006-2009).
He has published more than 100 books and articles in scientific journals and collective volumes. He has presented his papers at more than 200 conferences and events, and has participated in over 50 research and advisory projects.
His research focuses on Social Policy Economics (inequality, poverty, social exclusion, the redistributive role of the state) and Labour and Education Economics (determining factors for unemployment, returns to education).
He is a graduate of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (BA in Economics) and the University of Warwick, UK (MA and PhD in Economics).
Nikos Christodoulakis is Professor Emeritus at the Athens University of Economics and Business.
He has served as visiting Professor at LSE (2018-2019), while he is a member of the Scientific Council of the Hellenic Observatory.
From 1993 to 2004 he served as Secretary General for Research and Technology, Minister of Development, and Minister of Economy and Finance.
From July 2002 to June 2003 he was Chairman of the Eurogroup, while in 2015 he was appointed caretaker Minister of the Economy, Transport and Shipping.
His most recent books published abroad include:
- How Crises Shaped Economic Ideas and Policies Springer, 2014.
- Greek Endgame, Rowman & Littlewoods, 2015.
- An Economic Analysis of Conflicts, Springer, 2016.
His upcoming publication is The Treaty of Maastricht: The Fortress That Wasn’t, Palgrave MacMillan (2022).
Alexis Frangiadis has been professionally involved in the provision of consulting services on project and programme management in the areas of culture, education and research since 1991.
He was a visiting Professor at the School of Philosophy, University of Athens, and the Athens University of Economics and Business.
He was born in Athens in 1962. He studied Economics at the University of Athens, and Economic History in Paris (Paris X – Nanterre, EHESS) and the European University Institute in Florence. That is where he defended his doctoral thesis in 1990 on Rural economy and external trade: raisin culture in southern Greece, 1830-1893.
His main research interests include:
- the history of landholding in Greece,
- the economy of Greeks in the 19th century,
- the controversial emergence of the Greek state in the 20th century, during the inter-war and post-war period.
He has published more than 20 articles in scientific journals and books in Greece and abroad. His book The Greek Economy, 19th-20th century: from the War of Independence to the Economic and Monetary Union of Europe, Nefeli Publishing, 2007 is used in most Greek university departments that teach Economic History, as well as in senior high schools.
In June 2019, newspaper Kathimerini tis Kyriakis distributed his book 1932: Bankruptcy and the End of Venizelism, as part of the National Crises series.
Aspects of the Greek economy
35 distinguished views about the past and future of the Greek economy